American Negro Leadership Conference on Africa (ANLCA): Resolutions, 1962 and 1964

[The ANLCA was formed in June 1962 to press the United States government on African issues. It was composed mainly of leaders of African-American organizations and African-American Congressmen.]

Resolution of the Conference in New York, November 23-25, 1962

The American Negro Leadership Conference condemns apartheid as a system to exploit the African, Asian, and Coloured majority in South Africa by white supremacists and endorses the campaign of Appeal for Action Against Apartheid.

We deplore our government's opposition to the United Nations resolution calling for sanctions against South Africa. We urge the United States to support such action by the United Nations against South Africa and to seek its implementation through effective policing of the modes of entry.

We recognize that the United States prohibits the shipment of arms to South Africa designed for use in the implementation of apartheid, but we call upon the Government to undertake a total embargo of war material to the South African Republic, because no practical distinction can be made between weapons for maintaining apartheid and weapons for any other purpose.

We call upon the United States business firms to cease lending money to South Africa and to withdraw investments from that country since such financial transactions can only strengthen the present racist government.

We urge the United States Government to actively discourage any public or private economic aid to South Africa.

We urge the State Department to include opponents of the apartheid policy among the South African recipients of leadership grants.

We call upon individual Americans to join the growing international boycott of South African goods.

We demand that the United States Armed Forces cease military manoeuvres in cooperation with South African forces and the use of South African waters or bases.

We urge that the United States abandon the practice of excluding American Negroes from its missions to the Republic of South Africa and Africans from affairs sponsored by the American Embassy and all other United States Missions in that country.

We urge the American Olympic Committee to fight for the exclusion of South Africa from the coming Olympic games unless that nation permits all South African athletes to compete for places on its team without regard to race or colour.

We oppose the efforts of the Republic of South Africa to incorporate the three High Commission Territories, namely, Basutoland, Swaziland, Bechuanaland into the Republic of South Africa.

Resolution of Conference in Washington, September 24-27, 1964

We condemn South African apartheid as a denial of basic human rights to the majority of the people of that unhappy land.

We identify with the struggle for justice and freedom in South Africa.

We recognize the evolution in United States' policy toward South Africa in past years, but call for bold initiatives and a more dynamic approach in the immediate future.

Although U.S. foreign policy has formally opposed apartheid and racial oppression in South Africa, it must now move beyond this. The unwillingness of the government of the United States to support any concrete proposals for economic, financial and related sanctions against the South African government is a major obstacle to the efforts of the United Nations and independent African States to solve the South African problem. Accordingly, we urge:

  1. A United States Government policy designed to prohibit future investment in South Africa and to discourage continuance of American-owned plants or subsidiaries in South Africa.
  2. United States Government support for economic sanctions by the United Nations against South Africa.
  3. Specific and immediate attention to the imposition of an oil embargo against South Africa.
  4. Rigid implementation by the United States Government of the arms embargo to which it has already subscribed.
  5. Abandonment of the present United States practice of excluding American Negroes from its Missions to the Republic of South Africa.
  6. A United States initiative to implement the United Nations resolution (General Assembly Resolution No. 1978, December 16, 1963) calling for aid to families of political prisoners in South Africa and refugees from that country.


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